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Relevance and importance of fundamental duties in Indian constitution

Abstract:

The Constitution of India not only confers rights upon its citizens but also imposes certain duties upon them. These duties are enshrined in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution as Fundamental Duties. These duties were added to the Constitution in 1976 through the 42nd Amendment Act. The purpose of these duties is to create a sense of responsibility and obligation towards the nation and its people. In this research article, we will discuss the relevance and importance of fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution.

 

Introduction:

The Constitution of India is a comprehensive document that lays down the framework of governance for the country. It confers rights and freedoms upon its citizens, but it also imposes certain duties upon them. The idea of fundamental duties was introduced to the Indian Constitution in 1976 through the 42nd Amendment Act. These duties were added with the aim of instilling a sense of responsibility and duty towards the nation and its people. In this research article, we will discuss the relevance and importance of fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution.

 

Relevance of Fundamental Duties:

Fundamental Duties are an essential part of the Indian Constitution. They are included in Part IV-A of the Constitution, which is non-justiciable. This means that these duties are not enforceable by law, but they are morally binding upon citizens. Fundamental Duties are relevant in the following ways:

To promote patriotism: Fundamental Duties aim to promote patriotism and a sense of duty towards the nation. These duties help citizens to understand their responsibilities towards the country and to work towards its development.

To promote social harmony: Fundamental Duties also aim to promote social harmony and a sense of community among citizens. These duties encourage citizens to respect the rights and freedoms of others and to work towards the betterment of society.

To promote national integration: Fundamental Duties promote national integration by encouraging citizens to respect the cultural and linguistic diversity of the country. These duties help citizens to work towards the unity and integrity of the nation.

 

Importance of Fundamental Duties:

Fundamental Duties are not just morally binding upon citizens, but they are also important for the following reasons:

To maintain social order: Fundamental Duties help to maintain social order by promoting respect for the law and the Constitution. These duties encourage citizens to uphold the dignity of the nation and to work towards its welfare.

To promote democracy: Fundamental Duties are important for promoting democracy in the country. These duties help citizens to understand their role in the democratic process and to participate in it actively.

To promote environmental protection: Fundamental Duties also aim to promote environmental protection and conservation. These duties encourage citizens to protect the natural resources of the country and to work towards sustainable development.

 

Conclusion:

Fundamental Duties are an important part of the Indian Constitution. They aim to promote patriotism, social harmony, and national integration among citizens. These duties are not enforceable by law, but they are morally binding upon citizens. Fundamental Duties are important for maintaining social order, promoting democracy, and protecting the environment. Therefore, it is the duty of every citizen to uphold these duties and work towards the welfare of the nation and its people.

 

Written by: Kumar Ankur

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